The International Transgender Day of Remembrance, which occurs annually on November 20th, is a day to memorialize those who have been killed as a result of transphobia, or the hatred or fear of transgender and gender non-conforming people, and acts to bring attention to the continued violence endured by the transgender community.
The International Transgender Day of Remembrance was founded in 1998 by Gwendolyn Ann Smith, a transgender graphic designer, columnist, and activist, to memorialize the murder of Rita Hester in Allston, Massachusetts.
Since its inception, the International Transgender Day of Remembrance has been held annually on November 20th, and has slowly evolved from the web-based project started by Smith into an international day of action. In 2010, the International Transgender Day of Remembrance was observed in over 185 cities throughout more than 20 countries.
Typically, a memorial includes a reading of the names of those who lost their lives during the previous year and may include other actions, such as candlelight vigils, art shows, food drives, film screenings, marches, among others. The International Transgender Day of Remembrance is the culmination of Transgender Awareness Week.